Activated charcoal uses is something people search for. Activated charcoal is also known as activated coal or activated carbon. It is made extremely porous by processing the carbon and has a large surface area which is used for chemical reactions or adsorption purpose. It has a high degree of micro porosity due to which 1 gram of activated charcoal has 500m2 surface areas. The activated charcoal is made from materials like peat, coir, coal, wood, lignite and petroleum pitches. The porous carbon is coated with biocompatible polymer to make a permeable and smooth coat in which the pores are not blocked. This type of carbon is used for hem perfusion in which blood of the patient is passed over this carbon to remove toxic substances from their blood. You can buy charcoal pills as a way of getting the benefits from activated charcoal.
Activated Charcoal Uses List
There are many other activated charcoal uses due to which it is high in demand.
- It is discovered that on cooling the carbon to a temperature of liquid nitrogen, the carbon becomes capable of absorbing numerous air gases that can be recollected. The activated charcoal uses are explained as follows:
- Used in homes for treating indigestion and gas problems-: The activated charcoal has the capability of cutting down the production of gas by beans and any other gas forming food. It also adsorbs the bacteria which creates this gas. Moreover, it helps to remove foul breathing problem as it cleans the digestive track as well as the mouth. It relieves from the systems of traveller’s diarrhoea, nervous diarrhoea, indigestion, spastic colon and peptic ulcers.
- Used for the treatment of Ulcers, Wounds and Bruises-: Experiments have proved that activated charcoal can be used to heal the wounds speedily moreover eliminating their odour. Activated charcoal acts as an antidote in poisoning from drugs and chemicals.
- In poisoning, activated charcoal adsorbs poison or drug and inactivates them. Activated charcoal can neither be adsorbed nor can it be metabolized by the body. To remove poison from the patient’s body they are made to vomit which removes 30% of the poison and charcoal is used to inactive the remaining 70% poison.
- In industries: The activated charcoal is used in industries for decolourizing, deodorizing and for obtaining pure solutions. It helps to carryout various other jobs like attracting other substances and holding them on their surface. This process where absorption takes place on the surface is known as adsorption. The property of activated charcoal to hold gases, poisonous substances, heavy metals, and chemicals more than thousand times its weight makes it very useful in industries.
- Use in medical practises: In the medical field activated charcoal is used for eliminating toxic by-products that cause hindrance in anaemia patients who are undergoing cancer treatment. They are used for deodorizing and disinfecting wounds. Filtering blood of patients suffering from kidney and liver disorders the activated charcoal is used. In blood purification during transfusion activity the charcoal is used for removing bacteria and other impurities. For treating dysenteries, dyspepsia and dysentery activated carbon is employed. It is used to lower the effect of poison in snake bites.
- Removing organics in marine Aquarium: due to the presence of organic compounds in seas and oceans, microbial degradation gets affected. The natural organic acids, proteins, hormones, carbohydrates, and antibiotic compounds largely remain unidentified inside the water bodies. Removing these harmful organic compounds will ultimately clean water and provide healthier specimen. Activated charcoal is the easiest and the most effective method used for removing these organic compounds.
- Activated charcoal uses in gardens: charcoal in gardens can be used to reduce soil compaction, improve soil drainage, and provide water retention in dry soils, increase nutrients, advance germination and make plants more resistant towards fungal diseases and infestations of insects. It can acts as an excellent natural fertilizer as well as an insecticide which is environment friendly.
Activated Charcoal Uses Molecular Structure
Granular activated carbon (GAC) is larger sized particle than the powdered activated carbon and hence has a smaller surface outside. The granulated carbon is preferably used for water treatment, separation of components as well as deodorization. The extruded activated carbon (EAC) is a combination of activated carbon and binder, made by fusing them together. Their main application is in gas phase because they have low pressure drop, low dust content, and high in mechanical strength. They are also used for waste-water treatment in many cases. The Bead activated carbon (BAC) is a bead activated carbon which is created from petroleum pitch. Because of its spherical shape it is used in fluidized bed application like water filtration.
Activated Charcoal Uses — Facts
Impregnated carbon is a porous carbon which contains many types of inorganic impregnate like silver, aluminium, zinc, calcium, iodine, iron, magnesium and lithium. It is mainly used in museums and galleries to control air pollution. The silver loaded activated carbon is preferred as an adsorbent in purifying domestic water because of its antiseptic and antimicrobial properties. Activated charcoal is also available in other forms like fibres and cloth. In military, the carbon cloth is used for personnel protection. Activated charcoal is prepared from materials that are carbonaceous like wood, coal and nutshells. Two processes are involved to make activated carbon physical process and the chemical activation.
In the physical process carbonization takes place. Here, the carbon containing materials are paralyzed which means they are decomposed chemically between a temperature range of 600 to 900 degree Celsius. This process is carried out in an inert atmosphere containing gases like nitrogen and argon. The other way of making activated carbon is oxidization where the raw material is treated with oxygen, carbon dioxide or steam at a temperature ranging from 600 to 1200 degree Celsius. The second process is the Chemical Activation. In this process the material is infused with an acid or salt or a strong base. This is carbonized at a temperature of 450 to 900 degrees Celsius.
Activated charcoal uses have some side-effects also. If Surbiton is used with activated charcoal then the reaction can be shock, dehydration, hypernatremia, electrolyte abnormalities, etc. Some other side-effects of activated charcoal include Hematologic, Respiratory problem, Gastrointestinal and Ocular. This article was about activated charcoal uses.